Using at least two of the readings from our class, choose a particular business enterprise – small or large – and argue that it is, on the whole, an ethical enterprise. At least one of the readings you use must come from the “Theoretical Frameworks” secti
For your final assignment, you will write a 5-6 page essay [12 point font double, Times New Roman, regular margins]. Using at least two of the readings from our class, choose a particular business enterprise – small or large – and argue that it is, on the whole, an ethical enterprise. At least one of the readings you use must come from the “Theoretical Frameworks” section of the class/book, i.e., the essays on Kantian ethics, Utilitarianism, Virtue Ethics, and Absolutism vs. Relativism.There are a number of ways to approach this, including analyzing the environmental policies and practices of a business, hiring practices, profit sharing, pay gap amongst employees and owners, gender equity, community service, labor practices overseas, and many others.While this assignment evidently involves some research, it is important that you do not fill the whole paper with examples of what the enterprise in question does that you think is morally good or morally harmful. Since this is a philosophy class, the bulk of the paper should be your own reflection on what it means for a business to take ethics seriously – and to what extent that is possible – and construction of thoughtful arguments using the ideas we have focused on in our class.Feel free to use whichever of the official citation methods you choose, just make sure to actually cite your sources so as to avoid issues of plagiarism.
Impact of vision 2030 on traffic safety in Saudi Arabia
Mohammed A.H. Dahim
Vice President for Project Management, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
a r t i c l e i n f o
Received 6 April 2018
Received in revised form
7 August 2018
Accepted 15 August 2018
Available online 7 September 2018
a b s t r a c t
Background and objectives: Road traffic accident (RTA) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is the first
and major cause of death. The primary objective of this paper is to investigate the impact of Saudi Vision
2030 on road traffic safety. The Vision 2030 programs lead to the implementation of two crucial steps.
The first step was to introduce value-added tax (VAT), and the second step was to increase fuel prices.
The effect of these two steps on RTAs, injuries, and fatalities is determined and evaluated in this study.
Research methods: The data of RTAs, injuries, and fatalities in the last three decades before implementing
VAT and before increasing fuel prices were collected and analyzed. A short-term effect of fuel prices was
evaluated using the data of 3 months after each increase in fuel price. The results of RTA before the
increase in fuel prices were compared with those of RTAs after the increase in fuel prices. Time series
autoregressive and t-test were used to analyze the significant differences in the results.
Results and discussion: The results show that RTAs have increased continuously during the last 30 years
until the increase in fuel prices. A short-term effect of Vision 2030 and economic transformation were
evaluated using RTA data before and after the increase in fuel prices. The remarkable decline in the
number of RTAs, injuries, and fatalities after fuel prices increased was recorded.
Conclusion: Despite all the core issues implementing to reduce RTAs, such as traffic law enforcement,
RTAs in the KSA increase and become the first cause of death in the country. Vision 2030 leads to an
increase in gasoline prices and the implementation of VAT. The increase in gasoline prices contributes to
a short-term decrease in RTAs, injuries, and fatalities by 22.4%, 21.9%, and 14.1%, respectively, while
intermediate-term decrease in RTAs and road traffic fatalities is by 72892 and 1842, respectively. The
decrease in RTAs may be attributed to the reduction in unnecessary trips and slower and careful driving
by people to decrease fuel consumption. Statistical analyses performed using time series and t-test
confirmed the significant effect of fuel prices on reducing RTAs.
© 2018 Publishing services provided by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Faisal Specialist Hospital &
Research Centre (General Organization), Saudi Arabia. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND
Lab Assignment 44
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