A policy may be referred to as a plan or an action in various organs such as the government, political parties, and businesses to facilitate and help in the determination of decisions and actions that may arise. Policies consist of principles that help in decision-making and achieve positive results through its implementation (Dunn, 2015). Student debt is funds owed by learners on loan, which was given to cater for their learning expenses. The highly increasing education charges have made these loans the only form of paying for college to most students. These trends of students obtaining higher balances for loans, defaulting, and causing harm to the economy have forced what used to be a federal issue into policy discussions by the state. Many elected leaders are finding ways and implementing policies that will deal with student debt. First, the offering of forgiveness and repayment programs. Under the forgiveness program, a portion or, in most cases, all the loan’s amount is forgiven if borrowers meet particular conditions while in the repayment program, states provide financial assistance to borrowers. Providing more information on loans to students has played a significant role. It has been discovered that most learners are not well conversant about the amount of money they borrow to pay for college. Many states follow some procedures to ensure learners acquire more reliable information by requiring all schools of study to give learners data showing all amount of loans borrowed and those paid off, including repayment amount in each month and the student’s closeness the maximum borrowing limit. The policy of refinancing existing loans has also been put into practice. Loan interest rates in federal are like everyone who borrows, while rates of interest on private loans change according to the credit risk, which tends to make private loans higher than federal loans. Due to this, refinancing existing loan programs to lower interest rates have started, which will allow borrowers to pay back faster at smaller total costs (Baumol, 2015). Deducting tax and credits enable citizens to claim a deduction in their salaries for interest paid on student loans. Tax credits tied to tuition fees are also offered to particular people and businesses to facilitate payment of the loans.
Student borrowing has been increasing yearly at a faster rate. Statistics have shown that 45 million students have acquired loans and owe almost $1.6 trillion U.S government. Students’ debt of loans has become the second-highest consumer in debt after debts on the mortgage, surpassing both credit cards and auto loans. Student loan debt can be challenging and offer many obstacles for recent graduates. To prevent that, there are many things they can do before starting to study in college, while in college years, and completion to maintain their burden of debt low and avoid immense amounts of debt. Before starting college, one should get a job and save early enough. This is among the appropriate methods to acquire money for studying in higher institutions by getting a part-time job after finishing classwork. This may be on weekends and summer breaks. Find college credit and enroll in the classes without paying if your high school has advanced placement courses by taking nearly all the courses your qualifications guarantee you and do the exam provided at the end of studies yearly. Students should take part in the application of Free Application for Federal Student Aid before making up their minds which school to attend, and this can help them weigh the different aid schools offer.
Students should always be looking for scholarships. Organizations such as religious groups, civic groups, and volunteer clubs give out scholarships to students who perform exemplary well or those who meet particular requirements. The choice of college should be thought of wisely. One may dream of studying in an expensive school but cannot cover the costs without taking many loans to sustain them. This may make it necessary to reconsider school choice and resort to a community college or attend a state school. Avoiding private student loans is necessary because they seem to contain higher interest rates than federal loans regularly and do not give out manageable ways to repay or a chance to postpone your loans if one is currently not working or resumes school. Making a budget helps a student know how much he can spend per month than what he is earning, which helps prevent going for more loans to cover unexpected costs (Cohen, 2015). He can also avoid credit cards and find ways to reduce costs, such as buying meals with the cheapest price option and supplement it with the food you purchase at the grocery store. You can freshen up your clothing by sharing with friends or buying them at a thrift store near you. After leaving school, please choose an appropriate repayment plan, which can reduce the agony of paying student loans monthly and look out for forgiveness programs that enable students to avoid paying their loans after a specific period provided you meet the conditions given. Some of these programs include the Teacher Loan Forgiveness available to teachers who entirely teach in elementary or secondary school for not less than five consecutive years. Public Service Direct Loan Forgiveness applicable to those who have a public service work in a nonprofit or government organization for ten years and make 120 on-time payments on their federal direct loans
Policies should be enacted upon the borrowers by the lenders in the borrowing process. These policies include, the borrower must be a U. S citizen and student in a learning institution legible to acquiring loans by its students. For businesspeople, they must have an operational business location that is licensed. The work financed must e for leasehold improvements and working capital and meet redevelopment objectives such as creating job opportunities and providing essential services. The borrower must show the ability to pay back the loan, considering its record of cash flow in business based on a business plan with correct assumptions and demonstrate adequate capitalization to carry out the business. Borrowers should be willing to provide personal guarantees for any principle with 20% or higher ownership interest in business enterprise and provide parental or corporate guarantees as needed. The payment of the application fee is made once. The time of submission of the credit application and applications without the fee is considered incomplete, and the application fee is always non-refundable (Wallace, Pollack, & Young, 2015). Interest is offered to borrowers at different rates considering the amount of money they acquired from lenders. Late payment for the loan subjects a borrower to a certain amount besides the loan and interest charges. The terms of loans also require that the maximum time for a loan is five years.
Baumol, W. J., & Blinder, A. S. (2015). Microeconomics: Principles and policy. Nelson Education.
Cohen, B. C. (2015). Press and foreign policy. Princeton university press.
Dunn, W.N.(2015). Public policy analysis. Routledge.
Wallace, H., Pollack, M. A., & Young, A. R. (Eds.). (2015). Policymaking in the European Union. Oxford University Press, USA.
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